Cataracts are a cloudiness that develops in the normally clear lens of the eye. They are particularly common in people over 65 and get progressively worse. They can be fixed surgically when required.
The most frequent symptoms are blurred or dimmed vision and increased problems with glare. Cataract generally occur with advancing age but may occur at birth or any stage in life. Cataract is usually more advanced in one eye and may be slowly progressive over a number of years. Initially cataract causes very little problem.
Cataract cannot be cured by medicines, eye drops, diet or exercises and can only be removed by a surgical operation. Some cataracts develop slowly and may never require surgical removal and their effects are managed by more frequent alteration to your spectacles for prescription and tinting of lenses.
If surgery is required, the most common surgery removes the cataract lens and replaces it with an intraocular lens implant ( IOL ). This is usually performed under local anesthesia but can be done under a general anesthetic if a case requires. Age is no handicap, however good general physical condition is desirable. It is usual to have spectacles after the eye has healed to make the most of your vision and in many cases one’s dependence on spectacles is reduced. The prognosis is very good, however as with all surgery there are some unusual complications that may occur and this can be discussed with the eye surgeon.